Critical thinking involves diligently using sound reasoning to identify, analyze and evaluate information in order to make decisions, solve problems and establish beliefs.
Higher Order Thinking
- Bloom’s Levels of Thinking (Revised) | Learning Objectives | Interactive Wheel | Flipping It
- Costa’s Levels of Inquiry Chart | ELA, Math, Science examples
- 16 Habits of Mind by Costa and Kallick | Teacher Reflection
- Webb’s Depth of Knowledge | Chart
- Basic Steps in Effective Thinking: IDEALS
- Critical Thinking Exercise Part 1 | Part 2
- Experimental Inquiry
- Questioning Toolkit
- Reciprocal Peer Questioning
- Tips on Questioning and Advance Organizers
- Tips on Nurturing Discussion
- Using Wait Time
- Fishbowls (click link then scroll down)
- Anticipation Guides
- Active Reading Comprehension
- Reading Comprehension Tips
- KWL Chart
- Tips on Nonlinguistic Representation
- List of Fallacious Arguments
- Compare and Contrast Guide
- Abstract Thinking
- Venn Diagram | Online Tool
- Frayer Model
- Visual Ranking Tool
- Case Discussion
- Socratic Seminar 1 | 2 | 3 | 4
- Conference-Style Learning (click link then scroll down)
- Meeting of the Minds Panel (click link then scroll down)
- Seeing Reason through Cause and Effect
- Description of Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
- Tips on Generating Hypotheses
- Showing Evidence
- Constructing Support
- Tips on Using Logic
- Logical Fallacies
- Error Analysis
- Ambiguity and Contradiction
- Cold-calling (click then scroll down)
- Dialogue Analysis (click link then scroll down)
- Spontaneous Group Dialogue (click link then scroll down)
- Four S Team Discussion
- Socratic Seminar 1 | 2 | 3
- Literature Circle Models | Lit Circle in Action
Here are a few suggestions from our teachers:
- Teaching Critical Thinking-An excellent interactive course with five short, practical online modules.
- Visible Thinking Routines from Harvard Project Zero.
- Depth and Complexity | Explanation | Tips on Differentiation (Developed by Dr. Sandra Kaplan)
- Practical Suggestions for Teaching (Click various links on left side of the web page.)
- General tips
- Technique videos from LessonCast
- Marzano’s High Yield Instructional Strategies relate to critical thinking.
- The Foundation for Critical Thinking provides an excellent introduction to critical thinking, some tips for different grade level teachers and a helpful interactive model of the elements of critical thinking.
- The Critical Thinking Co. sheds light on various components of critical thinking.
- This four-minute video gives a quick introduction to the need for critical thinking and its components.
- The Cognitive Research Trust (CoRT) established by Edward de Bono provides 60 practical lessons broken into six units for teaching of thinking as a skill. This is a leading resource used by millions across the world.
- Concept to Classroom offers exploration, demonstration and implementation advice on inquiry-based learning.
- Taking Sides in the Classroom is a helpful article by McGraw Hill with resources on using controversy, debate, panel discussions etc. to foster critical thinking.
- Overview of Classroom Questioning
- Teacher self evaluation of questioning techniques.
- Various Critical Thinking Rubrics 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6